Category Archives: Computer Science

The beauty of Linked Lists

Linked list is one of the simplest but most popular datastructures, perhaps because good linked list problems can be solved within 15-20 minutes. Linked list problems are interesting, fun, thought provoking, and easy to describe, which is why they are very common in a programming interview. Microsoft loves asking linked list questions, I mean, you WILL get at least one linked list question if you ever interview with Microsoft!

Wikipedia defines, “a linked list is a data structure consisting of a group of nodes that together represent a sequence”. So, a typical linked list node will have a reference to the next node and a data field. This is called a singly linked list. Therefore, the first node (commonly known as the head) can represent the entire linked list, since one can traverse all the nodes from head by using the next reference. The Java code for the traversal of a linked list is below: Continue reading

Is Singleton Root of All Evil?


Despite all its criticism, singletons still exists today, perhaps because insecure programmers feel the illusion of doing the “right” thing, since they are after all usingĀ a design pattern. For those who think, “What experts do, must be right”, I will leave a famous quote by Christopher Hitchens-

Picture all experts as if they were mammals. … Seek out argument and disputation for their own sake.

The popularity of the word ‘singleton’ probably comes from set theory, where it is a set with exactly one element. Similar to its mathematical counterpart, a singleton pattern in software engineering ensures exactly one instance of a class for each running application. This is how you would write a singleton class in Java: Continue reading